What are Cataracts

The natural lens of your eye is made mostly of water and protein. In most younger eyes, the lens is clear, allowing light to pass through to the retina so that light can be transmitted into signals to send to the brain. As you age, the proteins can begin to clump, gradually forming cloudy areas on the lens. This is a cataract.

Symptoms of Cataracts

Cataracts do not typically produce immediate, sight-threatening symptoms. In fact, you can have cataracts for years without even realizing it. As the cataract grows in size and opacity, you may begin to experience these symptoms:

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Colors appear faded, dull or yellowed
  • Lamps such as headlights or streetlights may have glare or halos; sunlight or fluorescent lights may appear too bright
  • Poor night vision
  • Double or multiple vision in one eye
  • Frequent prescription changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses
  • Eventual blindness if left untreated

Cataracts can eventually limit or prevent you from performing simple tasks such as reading, driving, seeing road signs and enjoying time with friends and family.

Important Note: These symptoms are not limited to cataracts. If you are experiencing any vision problems, schedule an eye exam right away. Early diagnosis may prevent vision loss.

Types of Cataracts

  • Nuclear cataracts: cloudiness in the center of the lens
  • Cortical cataracts: streaks at the sides of the lens
  • Posterior subcapsular cataracts: opaqueness at the back of the lens
  • Congenital cataracts: present at birth or developing in childhood


Risk Factors for Cataracts

  • Over age 60
  • Continuous exposure to ultraviolet light
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Certain medications
  • Previous eye surgery

Treatment for Cataracts

While cataracts are not preventable, the great news is that cataract surgery is an effective method to restore clear vision. We offer two types of cataract surgery options as well as a variety of replacement lens options to help you achieve the vision you deserve to live the life you love. Our California cataract surgery doctors will explain all of your options.

Secondary Cataracts

The majority of cataract surgery patients eventually develop so called secondary cataracts. This condition occurs when the clear posterior capsule within the eye, which supports the new artificial lens, becomes cloudy. It’s not the replacement lens, but the capsule that becomes cloudy. Using a YAG laser, Dr. Pendleton makes a small opening in the center of this capsule to allow light rays to re-focus on the retina and restore good vision. The procedure is performed in the office, is painless and takes only a few minutes.

To learn more about cataract surgery in Oceanside, California, contact us today to arrange a Cataract Evaluation.